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After 44 years of independence, Singapore enjoyed a reputation of effective, honest and politically stable government. It is probably the only former colony to have independence forced in the world. Singapore reacted to its unanticipated expulsion from Malaysia in August 1965 by pondering economic development and nurturing a sense of nationhood. The country achieved the highest standard of living in Southeast Asia.
The government of Singapore is known for its authoritarian governance and limited tolerance for criticism and opposition. The country had a rare political continuity, from 1959 up to 1988 the ruling party and the prime minister triumphed in every election. During the early 1990s the administration faced the issue of political succession and modifying the relationship between the state and the well educated elite society.
Singapore is a republic state with a legal system based the British system of parliament government. Base on the 1959 the State will be divided into three organs namely- Executive, Legislative and Judiciary. The Executive power rests with the hands of the cabinet, headed by the prime minster and is accountable to Parliament. Legislative branch is the unicameral Parliament led by the prime minister and is responsible for enacting legislation. The Judiciary is being run by the Supreme Court consisting of chief justice and unspecified number of other judges. The chief justice is appointed by the President with the advice of the prime minister, which main function is to protect the constitution.
The head of state of Singapore is the President; the president is duly elected by the people and serves the government for 6 years and can be reelected without limit however can be removed to the office by a two third votes from the Parliament. On the other hand the Prime Minister of the country serves as the head of government of the Republic of Singapore. Prime minister leads the majority party of the parliament and appoints his cabinet among the members of parliament. The president upon the advice of the prime minister appoints a wide range of government official, including the judges, members of advisory boards and councils. There are 84 members of the Parliament elected for five year term.
The government of Singapore plays a major role in managing the society and developing the economy. The public service of the country was regarded as an entirely corruption free, a fact that reflected the importance of the national leadership placed on integrity and dedication to national values. Public officials relatively received higher salary in order to remove the temptations for corruption. The two branches of public service served different function in the political system- the civil service represents institutional continuity and performed fundamental tasks such as collection of revenue, delivery of goods and provisions on educational and medical services while and the different quasigovernmental bodies such as public enterprises, commissions and councils acts for innovation, adaptability and responsiveness to local conditions.
The government of Singapore has statutory boards, autonomous government agencies that played a significant role in the post-independence development strategy which activities usually provided multiple economic and political goals. The boards were managed by board of directors that composed of businessman, professionals, senior civil servants and trade union officials. A member of the Parliament usually served as the chairman of the board of directors.